Three Items Relating to the Maritz Rebellion – Schoeman, Johan H. et. al.


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The Maritz Rebellion, also known as the Boer revolt or the Five shilling rebellion was a reaction to the then British government of South Africa entering into the First World War against Germany. Germany had been an ally to the Boer forces during the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) and many Boers felt a stronger allegiance to Germany than they did to the British, who had treated them poorly during the war and post their surrender. They saw this as an opportunity to become self-governing and oust the British. Spurred on by the visions of the prophet “Siener” van Rensburg the Boers rallied and when De la Rey was shot by Union troops, apparently mistaken for a member of the notorious Forster Gang, the path was set. The German South West African border was the scene of the first skirmishes. The Union government declared martial law on 12 October 1914, and forces loyal to the government under the command of General Louis Botha and Jan Smuts proceeded to destroy the rebellion. General Maritz was defeated on 24 October and took refuge with the Germans. The official government Blue Book on the incident is included. 147 pp Contents below: Difficulties in obtaining Evidence Correspondence between Imperial and Union Government Meetings of Commandants Unrest in the South- Western Districts of the Transvaal The Prophet Van Rensburg Treurfontein Meeting of 15th August,1914 Preparations for the G.S.W.A. Expedition Potchetstroom Training Camp Accidental Death of General De la Rey General Delarey’s Funeral at Lichtenburg Maritz’s Activities Sedition at Calvinia Germans enter Union at Nakob The Schuit Drift Incident Maritz asks for German Assistance Maritz and the Germans The Attack on Nakob Ramans Drift Upington and Kakamas Camps Colonel Coen Brits takes Command Maritz’s Camp at Van Rooisvlei Proclamation of Martial Law and Government Manifesto Correspondence between Maritz and Colonel Brits Maritz at Keimoes and Kakamas Operations and Surrender of Rebels in North-Western Districts Fights at Keimoes and Kakamas Manitz retires to German Territory. Negotiations with Maritz at Kakamas General Botha’s Request to General Beyers to go to Maritz Lichtenburg Meeting- -21st September,1914 Klerksdorp Meeting -28th September, 1914 Kopjes Meeting-_-24th September, 1914 Potchefstroom Meeting-_-2nd October, 1914 General Botha assumes Command of the forces Commandants’ Meeting at Pretoria General Botha’s Speech at Bank Disturbance at Pretoria Meeting of 10th October, 1914 Burghers Commandeered for Defence of Union Kopjes Meeting_-13th October, 1914 The Deputation at Pretoria Assembling of Commandos at Lichtenburg Dutch Reformed Church Manifesto Claasen’s Revolt at Lichtenburg General Beyers leaves Pretoria Kopjes Meeting-_-22nd October, 1914 Government invites President Steyn to assist in preventing rebellion General Beyers at Damhoek General Beyers at Commissie Drift Vleeskraal Meeting- -2nd November, 1914 Kemp’s Journey to the German Border General De Wet Organizing in the Free State De Wet at Stormhoek De Wet at Vrede Rebellion in Vredefort District In the Heilbron Distriet-~-Rocco de Villiers Deputation from Bethlehem Meets General De Wet General De Wet Addresses His Burghers at Damplaats Senekal District Unrest in Bethlehem District Further Movements of De Wet Doornberg and Mushroom Valley Fights General Wessel Wessels’ Treachery at Harrismith Wessel Wessels at Reitz Pursuit and Capture of General De Wet General Beyers’ Movements The Kingswood Fight Acceptance of General Beyers’ Proposals General Beyers meets President Steyn Mediation of President Steyn Bultfontein Fight Rebellion in Pretoria District Maritz at Nous-18th November, 1914 Kemp’s Force Enter German Territory Maritz Negotiates for Surrender Efforts of the Government to Avert Rebellion Endeavours to Obviate Bloodshed Commandeering of Burghers by Government Commandeering of Rebel Live Stock German Intrigue Predisposing Causes of the Rebellion Leaders of the Rebellion General Delarey General Beyers Lieut.-Colonel Maritz General Kemp General De Wet Immediate Causes and Objects of the Rebellion Summary of Conclusions The next item is a 48 page booklet titled: The Other Side of the Rebellion, and a word to General Smuts, by Johan H. Schoeman, where the author voices his opinions on the Rebellion and lambastes the British. Good condition with some foxing to the first few pages and a tissue repair to the spine. Lastly a scarce 15 page booklet titled :Vrijlating van Dr. W. P. Steenkamp uit de gevangenis. Volk en Vaderland Boven Alles. 1914-1915. Dr. Willem Petrus Steenkamp, known as ‘The Lion of the North-West’, was a religious minister in the Hantam district of the Northern Cape. Captured during the Anglo-Boer he was and ‘bayonetted in the buttock’, and he somehow escaped prosecution by the British. In 1914, at the time of the Maritz Rebellion, he was called upon to deliver a message to Maritz telling him to halt the start of hostilities as Boer forces in the Transvaal and Orange Free State were not yet ready to proceed. He was unable to reach Maritz before he crossed the border into German South West Africa, but he did make contact with Beukes and his men, a reluctant participant in the rebellion. Causing Beukes to withdraw his men. Steenkamp was arrested for his involvement and remained in custody until 1916 when he was released by the Union Government. This 15 page document is a series of articles and an open letter as an appeal for the release of Dominee Steenkamp. Two of the articles had been printed previously by the ‘Spectator’ and ‘Die Volkstem’. The ownership inscription on the title page reads: ‘Mev. J van der Westhuizen – Gensammheid – Niewoudtville.’ At the time of his arrest Steenkamp was the Dominee at Niewoudtville and when Beyers’ troops returned home after Steenkasmp’s meeting, the women of Namaqualand were said to have rejoiced the return of their husbands, brothers and sons. Steenkamp was, until the end of his life in 1956, revered by the women of the area for bringing home the men from what was locally known as the ‘Huiloorlog’, the weeping war because the women had shed such tears as their men rode away. Ref: Ancestors Research – Lion of the North-West by W.P. Steenkamp.

Date Published: 1915 – 1916
Publication Place: Cape Town and Pretoria

Condition: Good.
Binding: Softcover. Original blue wraps with repairs to the spine and inner hinge.

Additional information

Weight 1400 g